Though artificial intelligence (AI) is making leaps and bounds every year, it still seems to be a long way from taking over creative tasks like sculpting and making music. However, you may be surprised to learn that AI writing is actually a reality today.
In 2017, the Washington Post announced that it had been using Heliograf, an AI reporter. Likewise, OpenAI announced in February 2019 that it had been training a new language AI model entitled GPT-2. However, it withheld the final version on the grounds that there were “malicious applications of the technology” though they did allow other authors the chance to experiment and work with it.
In short, AI writing is likely closer than most people think it is. With tools like Heliograf and GPT-2 already created, all that remains is for the tech to become more accessible and more affordable. In fact, EdTech companies like Turnitin are already utilizing the innovation of AI and machine learning in product development. It’s only a matter of time before students will have access to AI writing bots and the time for educators to prepare is now.
From Human to Bots
Truth be told, we’re already likely seeing the beginnings of the oncoming AI wave. Word processors were once limited to having basic spell checkers. However, now they have more advanced grammar and language checkers that can actually read and interpret the author’s words and offer suggestions for improvements.
AI won’t appear on students’ doorsteps as a magic button that says, “Create paper here”. It will make its way into the writing process slowly by offering more and more advanced tools that take increasing amounts of control away from the human author.
Already, automated editing tools can rewrite sentences, fix complex grammar mistakes, tell you what the tone of your writing is, and even suggest new sources to look at. It won’t be much longer before they can rewrite whole papers, restructure larger works, and spot more generalized issues with a piece of writing.
For students, especially those struggling with their writing, this will likely be a boon. It won’t magically turn weak writers into amazing ones, but it will help such students become better, more readable authors.
But, at some point, the tools will become advanced enough that students won’t be in the driver’s seat with their own writing. There will come a time that the automation will have wrestled too much control and go from helping the student write to writing the paper for them.
Addressing that is going to be much more difficult than if there were a clear divide between ethical writing tools and software that provides an unethical shortcut.
What Teachers Can Do Today
The good news is that there are many things instructors can do today to prepare for this likelihood.
- Talk with Students About Writing Tools: Simply use the tools students use every day, ask them to think about their relationship with them. Ask specific questions such as “Who is responsible if your grammar checker makes a mistake?” or “If your word processor changes a sentence, did you write that sentence or did it?” Get students to think about how they are in control when writing their papers and why that’s important. This can be framed as the line between writer and editor and when AI crosses that line.
- Authorship Integrity Tools: AI is going to make authorship integrity a much bigger part of any academic integrity plan. Tools such as Turnitin Originality now have authorship capabilities that can detect changes in student’s writing, even if it’s not traditional plagiarism. Incorporating these tools now can not only help educators guard against some key integrity issues of today, such as contract cheating, but also against those issues likely on the horizon.
- Structure Assignments Carefully: As with other academic integrity issues, certain assignment types are more resistant to shortcut-taking than others. An assignment with an in-classroom portion, for example, isn’t nearly as easy for an AI to create as a paper written outside of class. Choosing topics that are more specific, or even personal can also help. Notably, at this juncture with remote learning and online instruction more abundant than ever, individualized assignments may be trickier to assign-- learn more here about how to uphold academic integrity in a remote classroom setting.
The main way to address AI-based writing is to be thinking about these issues and to get students thinking about them as well. AI writing may not be here tomorrow, but it will be here soon enough, and now is the time for educators and students to begin preparing for the inevitable day when students can push a button and the computer writes their paper.